Childcare improves the school performance of children whose parents have a low level education. In addition, childcare leads to increased labour productivity of mothers. The government contribution to childcare results in an increase of the gross domestic product by €4.5 billion in the short term and by €5.2 billion in the long term. Welfare in the Netherlands increases from €0.6 to €1.4 billion per year as a result of the government subsidy.