This study analyses the law and economics of introducing flexibility in the system of exceptions and limitations in Dutch copyright law. Such flexibility would exist in an open norm, on the basis of which the courts can decide whether certain uses of copyrighted material are permissible or not, instead of explicitly defining this in the law. First, it assesses problem areas where the lack of flexibility creates legal disputes and potential barriers to innovation and commercialisation. Second, it analyses the economic rationale and economic effects of introducing flexibility.